What Skin Type Are You?
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The Importance of Knowing
Identifying your skin type is something that many people would like to be able to do but a large majority don’t actually know how to go about gaining this knowledge. Why so difficult?
Simply because there are quite a few different types, all which have varieties. It is also very common for a person’s face to consist of different types rather than just the one.
For example, I have quite a dry and sensitive complexion around my cheeks and neck. Yet, in contrast, my nose and forehead (the T area) consists of oily skin. The fact though that I know these differences is hugely beneficial as I can then treat both types accordingly.
And this is the key to the importance of knowing – each type is unique and therefore needs to be treated differently. Only by correctly identifying your skin type can you then take the necessary steps in order to prevent such facial maladies like whiteheads or the like.
Again, using myself as an example, I would exfoliate my nose and forehead regularly in order to remove the excess oil/sebum.
However, I would very rarely exfoliate my cheeks as it would only irritate the sensitive skin that’s located there. Instead, I gently wash this area and moisturize daily.
So, you can see the importance of identifying the different types that makeup your face and body. Next, I’ll look at these types and how they are broken up in a broad, general way.
The Different Types
The varying skin types can roughly be broken up into five different categories – normal, oily, combination, dry, and sensitive. These categories are quite broad with each having varying levels of intensity. For example, most people have an oily complexion somewhere on their faces, but some might have excessively oily skin that needs to be cleansed every second day.
Below is a description of these five types and some of their most common characteristics – have a look and see which ones you believe best describes your own unique complexion.
Type One – Normal
People who have predominately normal skin are the lucky few! It’s rare to have a complexion that is mostly of the normal type, but if you do…then, well, I am insanely jealous!!
The normal type is characterized by being smooth and clean – both in the way it looks and feels. This is because this type is perfectly balanced, being neither too oily to feel and look shiny and greasy. Nor being dry and red like skin that can be associated with dry or sensitive skin types.
Due to this well-balanced complexion and tone, the normal skin type very rarely experiences breakouts and indeed is not susceptible to a whole host of other ailments. Thus my jealousy!!
Overall, this type of skin is the preferred one. People who have predominately a normal complexion are blessed with features that looks natural and healthy. But, as I said, it’s rare for a person to have this skin type as their dominant type. The majority of people have a mixture of this type and the ones that I’ll discuss next.
Type Two – Oily
Oily skin is a common type and one, as I said before, that we all inevitably have in some area or another.
While there is nothing inherently unhealthy about oily skin, it can prove to be problematic if not treated correctly.
In terms of visual appearance, an oily complexion is very easy to spot as it results in your face being shiny and greasy.
This is due to the fact that your pores are excreting oil/sebum in order to push out any impurities that may be present.
Again, this is perfectly natural and in fact a very healthy mechanism.
However, because of this excess of oil/sebum, oily skin is prone to causing pore blockage. This can then lead to the formation of whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, zits et cetera cetera. This can be a real pain – blemishes are certainly not the worst health issue out there, but they’re definitely one of most annoying and distracting!
If you think you’ve got oily skin, a quick way to confirm it is to see if your complexion is greasy to the touch. I for one can actually feel when my oily complexion needs to be washed. This is the trick to keeping your face healthy – knowing how often you need to be exfoliating as well as having a quality exfoliating routine in place.
Type Three – Dry
As you may have suspected, dry skin is pretty much the exact opposite of oily. The only thing that they have in common is that can both be problematic, though for different reasons.
Dry skin occurs when there is a lack of oil/sebum being produced. This type appears raw and even flaky. It can be quite tight and rough to the touch as well. The problems that occur with this skin type is that it can become prone to excessive aging and therefore wrinkles or lines. It can also become quite irritated and dehydrated.
As with oily skin, it’s important to identify this dry variety so that you can treat it accordingly. The key with dry skin is to ensure that the affected area is moisturized with a quality cream on a regular basis. This will result in your dry complexion getting the needed vitamins, minerals and hydration. This will mean that your face will become more balanced and healthier.
Also, when it comes to dry skin, it’s a clever move to avoid exfoliating this area regularly. This type doesn’t exude huge amounts of oil/sebum so therefore there is no need to go mad on the cleansing. In fact, over cleansing dry skin will just make it worse as it will increase the dehydration factor.
Type Four – Combination
This is where it gets a little bit complicated! As eluded to previously, pretty much everyone does not have a dominant skin type but rather a combination of a few. The combination that is most common with people is that of oily and dry – like with myself.
The most common areas in which an oily complexion will be present in the combination variety is that infamous T section – this being the forehead and the nose.
This is because oil/sebum production is largely located in these areas of the face. In contrast to this, dry skin is quite common on the cheeks and even the neck.
As I explained with the oily and dry types, there are different ways to treating these two. Now, none of it is rocket science – it’s all very logical and pragmatic once you understand the differences present in the contrasting types.
When armed with this information, dealing with oily, dry or combination skin becomes very easy and manageable. The only tricky part is trying to choose which products are the best!
Type Five: Sensitive
Sensitive skin is often confused with dry skin as both can get dry and red in appearance. Sensitive skin is actually areas of our body that get irritated easily – whether it be by elements such as the sun or weather, or different types of food or cosmetics.
This then lead to our faces being prone to appearing flushed and it can even result in rashes or red patches forming. Of all the skin types, this is probably the one that is the most unappealing in terms of aesthetics because of the aforementioned features.
This type can also be identified as it will feel itchy or will have a tingling sensation that will spread throughout it. This is your skin telling you that there is something interacting with it that’s not going down well!
The best way to treat sensitive skin is really just trial and error. If you have this type, and start to feel that it’s being irritated, then take note of what your skin has come in contact with in the recent past. Hopefully, over time, you’ll then be able pinpoint exactly what the issue is.
Key Note – Skin Changes!!!
It’s very much worth noting that our complexions gradually change over the duration of our lifetimes. Therefore, they way we treat it has to evolve and develop as well. Aspects like puberty, hormonal changes, age, diets, exercise regimes, and changing climates are some of the most common reasons that can cause our complexions to change over time.
Fret not though. Now that you have the necessary information pertaining to each skin type, you can comfortable treat your skin and ensure that it is at its best 24/7, 365 days a year.
To lead on from this article, you might find it beneficial to look at our best four methods to Identifying Your Complexion Type. This is a handy article in which we cover some easy to do methods that will improve your understanding of your own skin.
Also, please feel free to browse our other related content at the bottom of this page or indeed our entire health knowledge base – all content can is located under the headings at the top of this page. Our acne vulgaris treatment is one such piece of content.
To Your Health,